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Principles, elements and foundations of interior design

Principles, elements and foundations of interior design

Date: 2023/05/16


Table Of Contents

1- Introduction:

 The art of planning, designing, and beautifying human-made spaces is defining  the foundations of interior design  . This field is closely related to architecture, and despite the fact that there is a clear interest in the aesthetics of places and their design throughout the ages, the foundations of interior design is the science that brings together different cultures and capabilities in the service of design. Aesthetic elements within customs and traditions, and rely on creativity and innovation techniques, so that the designer handles all his materials, spaces, places, and lighting; To achieve an integrated design, through his familiarity with the foundations, architectural methods and their various techniques, and his knowledge of all the materials and tools that he will deal with during the implementation of the work, and how to use colors and combine them with each other.


 However, the field of interior design foundations and decoration coordination  is still relatively new, and it is worth noting that the name interior decoration was given to it in the past, which was loose and lacked specification, which led specialists to use a more accurate term, so it was called the foundations of interior design, which is known in some European countries . In the name of interior architecture


SMD Decoration  provides the best interior design and decoration coordination    services  and the most creative ones in this field 

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2 - the concept of    the foundations of interior design  .

 The foundations of interior design is the process of collecting elements, and preparing all that these elements need in terms of processing, measuring, and modifying, by relying on ideas and personal experiences, to produce something new and distinctive, that performs its tasks and meets the purpose of its design, and it has become the foundations and elements of interior design One of the important things in our time, as it enters many areas of life, 

Fundamentals of interior design  shows the purpose behind the use of design. It shows the ease of disassembling it and moving it from one place to another, without affecting its quality. Fundamentals and principles of interior design

 It was found to choose quality materials suitable for the budget of the design student. By adopting colors that match the desire and psychology of the student. The principles of interior design   give the design ease of movement between its elements. It makes good and effective use of ventilation spaces.

And because excellence and obtaining error-free designs are the desired work of SMD Decoration     through the agreement between the client and the company according to steps 

To watch a video on the basics and principles of interior design, click here  

3 - Elements and areas  of the foundations of interior design  .

Comprehensive procedures for planning and designs related to interior spaces. It is a group of interior design foundations that  aims to harness the material, spiritual and social needs to serve members of society. Interior design principles and elements play an important role in preserving the integrity of the building  . These components focus on the technical aesthetic aspects

The foundations of interior design depend on a number of basic elements represented by a set of guidelines for creating an interior beautification that pleases and delights the beholder, namely

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The element of balance is represented in finding and achieving equilibrium in the design, that is, it preserves the need for common characteristics between the pieces of objects present in one range, and it also requires a balanced diversity so that the harmony between objects emerges through the distribution of distances depending on shape, line, color, light and shadow.


 It is the process of subjecting lines and flat surfaces to treatment represented by regular succession, and circular models so that these shapes give the space a special rhythm, and this rhythm is used to create movements and mix them with the design and stir the viewer’s desire to see the different parts of the design, and this is done by repetition of lines and colors. 


 It has several names such as emphasis or dominance, and this element is used for the purposes of attracting attention towards a certain area or a certain place, such as mixing color, texture, and line, for example, and it requires that every interior design contain an emphasis center. 


This element is very important in the foundations and elements of interior design . It is indicated that rectangles with dimensions confined between 2-3.3 to 5.5-8 are called proportional in interior design, and the rectangle is thus more beautiful and elegant than the proportional shapes. Unity: This element expresses perfection in the interior design, and this element is represented by making each space integrated on its own without relying on others, and this element refers to the harmony and harmony between the basic elements in the design. 


This element comes as a way to attract the viewer's attention, but the abundance of repetition, rhythm and unity makes the sense of diversity or contrast corrupt, and the absence of this element loses the value of the design. 


The element of repetition often leads to unity, that is, it leads to the building being closely linked to achieving unity between its dimensions, as is the case with the repetition of vertical lines. 


The presence of contrasts in design attracts the attention of the viewer, and the concept of conflict refers to the use of what is contradictory to each other in terms of length, thickness, straightness, and colors in one design scene. 


 Focusing on one of the aspects of design is an element of interior design, where the designer pays most of his attention on an aspect and highlights it, so that it makes the rest of the surrounding aspects less visible in the space in which the objects are located. 

creativity. moving in.

 Therefore, SMD Decoration takes care of all these details and takes care of them, in order not to waste money or time in repairing or correcting errors.

SMD Decoration mainly relies on implementing the basics of interior design

Point:  It is a small place in a specific space, which does not contain length, width or depth, and the point is considered one of the most important elements of the foundations of interior design and is determined at the beginning of drawing any shape, using a pen or any other tool, on the surface of the material to be designed on. 

The line: It is the shape resulting from moving the point in a specific path, and it is considered one of the most important elements of the foundations of interior design  , and it is the distance that connects two points. Lines include many types, including the horizontal line: and it is characterized by its rapid movement. The wavy line: it is characterized by its slow and smooth movement. Vertical line: It is characterized by vertical movement. Curved line: indicates circular motion, and is used to express circles and spheres. The broken line: indicates strength and violence. Shape:  It is the gathering of a group of lines, and connecting them together to form a specific shape, and it is considered one of the most important elements of the foundations of interior design .Examples of shapes: Geometric shape: It is a specific shape that has specific measurements, dimensions and angles, such as rectangle and triangle. Irregular shape: It is a collection of straight lines and curved lines that suggest movement. Autoshape: This shape is formed by adding some colors automatically. Organic shape: This form consists of curved lines in a circular shape.


There are many areas in which  the foundations of interior design  are used , and the most prominent of these areas are indicated by SMD Decoration  as follows:

 Engineering designs: These designs are according to agreed principles, in terms of shape, designation, appearance, and size. The main objective of the engineering design is to prepare preliminary information that helps the factory to produce this component. 

Artistic and graphic designs: It is a creative idea in which a designer or a group of designers works, at the request of the client or customer. T

Home and office decoration designs . And fashion design, and designs involved in the manufacture of some industrial products and devices. Systems and software design.

4 - The importance of    the foundations of interior design  .

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The importance of the foundations of interior design lies  in making the best use of the space available for the place based on the function and professionalism of the design. Here are the most important points that explain the importance of the foundations of interior design and decoration

Make the Most of Available Spaces: A properly designed home will make better use of space especially when it comes to the living room. In addition to facilitating a measure of open space in the house. This will eliminate aspects of unnecessary crowding and those common in poorly designed homes.

 Cost saving and easy maintenance   : Investing in good interior design foundations    adds value in the long run, as the interior designer is well aware of the types of fixtures, lighting, curtains, paint, sofa designs, and rugs that you should place in different parts of the house. A good interior designer will also help you save on costs by helping you choose the best materials, fixtures, and furniture that you can afford with your current budget. Many times homeowners trying to save on the cost of hiring a professional interior designer end up spending more time figuring out what to install and how to install it properly.

 Design that suits the user's lifestyle:  The importance of the foundations of interior design and decoration    lies in its ability to improve the user experience through managing home and office spaces in better ways, and improving the space in the internal environment so that it is harmonious and consistent with its purposes. For example, if you are an interior designer working on developing the work environment in the office, you will make the design help employees to be productive, focus and increase the level of job performance. If you are designing bedrooms, your main goal will be to provide a more relaxing and comfortable environment


SMD Decoration is trying to follow the previous policies and additional conditions set by the client and apply them at all stages in order to satisfy him and obtain his trust and maintain its leadership in the labor market with its good reputation in the basics of interior design and decoration 



4- SMD Decoration company services in the design and implementation of restaurant decoration

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In fact, SMD Decoration is one of the most distinguished companies , so when you receive a specific project, you follow it up, starting from placing small details to final finishes, and SMD Decoration uses the best cadres of architects, interior designers and artists as well, in order to give distinguished results to its customers And you follow up all global developments in the field of decoration, in order to remain in front of all companies specialized in the field of decoration with hundreds of steps. If you are looking for excellence, then the company is your first and only choice, and because excellence is a decision and not a mere coincidence, so he decided to be distinguished through SMD Decoration servicesThe distinctive that we offer you, we put our own mark in any field by focusing on the simple details to produce great results such as thinking about the consistency between the surrounding environment and the exterior design. If the restaurant is close to the sea or serves seafood, we try to make the exterior design to indicate this thing.

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